The Medicare Electronic Health Record (EHR) Incentive Program and the Medicaid EHR Incentive Program are two similar, but different, federal initiatives. Questions have arisen about which health care providers are eligible to participate in the Medicare Program, the Medicaid Program, or both.
Medicare-only eligible professionals (EPs) are optometrists, podiatrists, and chiropractors. Medicaid-only EPs are nurse practitioners, nurse midwives, and physician assistants—when working at a federally qualified health center (FQHC) or rural health clinic (RHC) that is led by a physician assistant. In some circumstances, physicians, osteopaths, and dentists could be eligible for both the Medicare and Medicaid Incentive Programs.